Jesus made a startling prophetic prediction that was so unlikely and so precise that it could not have been anything less than Divine insight. He was predicting the end of an era and the beginning of a new one, which was the inauguration of a new covenant in His blood.
What happened next has been interpreted in various ways, and viewing this through my emotional lens, I might be tempted to say that Jesus was “hangry” (angry for what He saw in the temple and hungry in the morning). Then, because He was hangry, Jesus simply cursed the tree. However, that is not likely the case here. Instead, Jesus saw the opportunity to use this moment to provide a powerful illustration. The fact that what happened with the fig tree frames the account of Jesus cleansing the temple is significant.